What about injuries in swimming?

Swimming is an easy sport to learn, and after watching some swimming competitions, you may be inspired to try it yourself. You may not think of swimming as a sport that can damage your body. But if you are a competitive swimmer or a regular swimmer, you should know that there are some common injuries that can occur from overuse of certain muscles, joints and body parts while swimming. While swimming is an excellent summer sport, incorrect movements can have serious physical consequences. Although swimming is fun, you need to make sure you don't overdo it.


Both swimmers and amateurs tend to have the most injuries to their ears because there is little to no protection for them while swimming, although they may be wrapped in a swim cap. Their ears are subjected to repeated washings by the current in the pool, which can easily cause ear diseases to occur, commonly ear itching, ear canal blockage, external ear infection and hearing loss. These are all caused by prolonged swimming in the pool, and some may be caused by infections in the pool's dirty water.

You need to avoid swimming in pools that may be dirty, and it is best to clean your ears carefully with cotton swabs after swimming. If it is severe, you will have to go to the hospital and depending on the extent of your infection, your doctor will prescribe drops to relieve the pain in your ear and then continue to clean it for you.


Shoulder injuries are one of the most common injuries because they can cause stress on the shoulder when swimming, or can cause a lot of damage to the shoulder when swimming incorrectly, especially in freestyle and butterfly.

Shoulder injuries are usually rotator cuff tendonitis or tears, bursitis and biceps tendonitis. During swimming you need to make sure that you have the correct stance, especially the way you enter the water with both hands. You need to avoid shoulder strains by eliminating or limiting some unnecessary training and avoiding sudden increases in exercise intensity.


Swimming can also put a lot of stress on the neck, mainly because you need to keep your head above the water in breaststroke or rotate your neck to breathe in freestyle.

Whether it's breaststroke or freestyle or any other stroke, align your neck with the rest of your body while swimming and rotate all body parts completely while breathing to ensure a safe neck.


Breaststroke is actually one of the most damaging strokes for your knees, as your feet need to kick and stretch outward while you breaststroke, which may inadvertently hit the ligaments in your knees, so it usually leads to knee swelling, knee pain and inflammation.

Keep your knees straight and avoid excessive bending at the hips. Or you can strengthen the muscles around the knee with exercises such as lunges and squats. If you are a swimmer, it is best to prevent this by icing your knee after each training session or race.

So, what are the causes of these injuries occurring?

Overtraining and not enough rest time. As we all know, the athletes' daily life is basically spent in training, and for some less talented athletes, they add to their training. Then, excessive and excessive training will make the body very tired, the body in a state of exhaustion, their rest time is not enough and sleep quality will not be very good.

The movements are not correct. To prevent these injuries from occurring, make sure that each of your movements is accurate, even a small error can lead to these injuries or other injuries.

Inadequate warm-up preparation. Before doing each sport to do a good warm-up preparations, warm-up preparations can make your body "recovery" to reduce the risk of injury.

Inadequate body strength or stability. Before each swim training and competition, make sure their rotator cuff or scapula strength or hip muscle strength enough. If you are an athlete, keep your posture correct during each strength training session so that you can work on your scapula or hip muscles.

Other ways to help prevent injuries

  1. If you are a professional swimmer, you will usually have a coach and a medical team, so communication with each other is essential for injury prevention
  2. Get enough rest and ensure the quality of rest or sleep. In addition to training, athletes' daily routine is almost all rest, so their rest time is especially important. They have to relax their bodies during rest time or sleep, and it is best not to do other things.


Enduring the discomfort of these injuries is painful, but will only get worse if you continue to exercise. Understanding these injuries and their prevention will help you stay healthy while swimming.

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