The core of swimming is for you or your child to stay afloat in the water. Therefore, learning to float in the water is of utmost importance, followed by learning how to perform air changes. Smooth air changes will allow you to keep your frequency and rhythm smooth.
Although the usual swimming seems effortless, but swimming requires the use of the whole body strength and coordination. You need to move your legs and arms at the same time, as well as adjust your breathing and stroke amplitude to get maximum efficiency. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced swimmer, it is important to understand what stances are available for swimming, as well as where each stance is a power point and what it takes to swim fast.
The most common strokes are: breaststroke, freestyle, butterfly, backstroke For the average novice and most people, breaststroke is the most suitable for them, because breaststroke is simple to learn and easy to get started.
The skills that beginners need to master
- Breathing.Breathing here refers to gas exchange, which is a basic skill that is often neglected, but also an important skill. In the swim if your breathing rhythm is broken will slow down your speed and very tired. If you don't know how to breathe while swimming, it's hard to make smooth, coordinated movements.
Beginners need to practice at the poolside, they need to first to enter the pool, facing the wall, hands on the edge of the pool. You can start without pinching your nose, bend over, inhale, submerge your face in the water, then exhale the air from your lungs slowly and forcefully through your nose and mouth like a beak, and when you have exhaled the air from your lungs expose your cheeks and mouth and inhale again. Remember, don't gasp for air or lift your head too high. Once you get good at it, you can practice with one hand cupping your nose and the other hand holding the edge of the pool.
- Float.If you are at the edge of the pool, you can hold your hands on the edge of the pool, and then float the whole person relaxed in the water, in the practice of floating, only need to hands force, because the body is a relaxed state, so it is not necessary to have any strength. This can be combined with inhalation practice.
- Kick the legs.If you want to swim fast, kicking is another important skill. Kicking can help your body move forward. Instructors usually practice on shore or in the water with floats supporting their bodies.
- Paddling.Swimming double water constant paddling gives you a feeling of moving through the water and prevents you from sinking. This is one of the first safety skills that beginners learn.
If you have learned these basic skills, then you are equivalent to learning breaststroke.
The breaststroke is one of the most popular and common strokes. This stroke is usually a technique taught to novice swimmers. However, it is the slowest swimming stroke used in competition. Breaststroke, as the name implies, is the action of kicking and paddling in the water much like a frog.
Breaststroke is generally a prone position, which means that when you are in the water, your body is straight and parallel to the bottom of the pool. In breaststroke, the body is tilted from a horizontal position. Frog-like kicks and simultaneous hand movements in the water help the body glide through the water.
The legs are bent and kicked out in the water to propel the body forward. The arm movements are simultaneously paddling outward. The hands form an arc from the forward extended position to just below the chest. The change of breath is completed at the end of the propulsion, when the hands are under the chest and the head is above the water.
Freestyle trembling kicks and alternating arm movements are movements that help propel the body.
The legs need to be kicked quickly and compactly in the water, keeping the feet pointing. The arms constantly alternate to pull the water back. As one arm pulls the water from a forward extended position toward the hips, the other arm does the opposite. The faster you kick your legs and the more you stroke the water, then the faster you swim, and freestyle is the fastest and most effective stroke in swimming.
Butterfly stroke is like breaststroke, the shape of the swing is like a butterfly when swimming. Compared to other types of strokes, butterfly is the most strenuous, because in this stroke, the body needs to do wave-like movements, and the chest and hips move up and down on the water surface. When you kick your legs in the water, keep your legs together and straight. The hands move symmetrically as well, and then perform a paddling motion underwater like picking something up. When the head and chest are raised to the surface of the water, you can perform the action of changing your breath.
Butterfly stroke is one of the most difficult strokes to master. It is very strenuous and is not recommended if you are a recreational swimmer or fitness swimmer.
The backstroke is the only stroke that is swum in the supine position. The body is stroked from one side to the other in the direction of the arms entering the water. The head remains in a neutral position with the face facing up. The arms are kept in an alternating stroke motion. One arm moves from the forward extended position to the hips to provide propulsion. The other arm leaves the water at the hip and swings forward over the head in an extended manner. The legs should churn and kick like freestyle, but this is a supine kick.
Because the face should be up and remain above the water surface during the backstroke, you can breathe freely.
How to become a good swimmer
Learn all the strokes and practice more, find the fastest and favorite strokes, and keep practicing and working on the small details will make you a good swimmer.